U.S. Bellows, Inc. recently designed and manufactured five tied universal expansion joints ranging in size from 30 to 48 for an oil and gas company in France. These expansion joints weigh between 2400 lb. and 3200 lb. and are fabricated from 304-321 SS bellows. They are designed for pressures ranging from 55 to 650 PSIG and 148°F to 300°F operating temperatures. To ensure quality, the joints were 100% X-Rayed, 100% dye-penetrant, and hydro-tested at 83 to 975 PSIG.
U.S. Bellows, Inc. recently fabricated 60 dia. refractory lined universal expansion joints for a carbon monoxide ducting system at a chemical refinery. The expansion joints are lined with a 3/4″ thick abrasion resistant refractory lining with hexagonal mesh reinforced anchor. A240 TP 304 material was used to fabricate the bellows and flanges and A240 TP 310 material was used for the spool. Designed for 2 PSIG, the joints were air tested at 5 PSIG to ensure quality performance. A dye-penetrant test was also implemented on the bellows’ long seam and attachment welds. These expansion joints were fabricated and designed per B31.3 and EJMA standards.
U.S. Bellows, Inc. custom designed and manufactured a 5″ nominal diameter and 60″ long universal expansion joint for an oil piping system application in Nevada. This expansion joint consists of high strength Inconel® 625LCF bellows and A105 flanges. The expansion joint is designed for 1400 PSIG and 120°F per B 31.3 and the latest revision of EJMA standards. It is also designed to allow 4 1/2″ of lateral movement during operation. A 100% dye-penetrant and hydro-test at 2100 PSIG were preformed prior to shipment to ensure quality.
U.S. Bellows, Inc. recently designed and manufactured eight 6″ diameter tied universal expansion joints with 24” F-F. These expansion joints are made from two-Ply Inconel® 625 bellows, A312 TP 304 spool, and A105 flange. They are designed for FV/50 PSIG and 300°F with axial and lateral movements of +/- 0.25″ and 0.70″, respectively. The joints were 100% X-Rayed, 100% Dye-Penetrant, and hydro-yested at 75 PSIG. Flanges, tie rod, and spherical nuts are hot dip galvanized per customer specification.
U.S. Bellows, Inc. designed and fabricated 2 EPDM tied expansion joints for a construction company in Texas. These expansion joints have an inside diameter of 29”. They are composed of A516 carbon steel grade 70 with a six-rod control assembly, EPDM, and plate flange. They were hydro-tested to 217 PSI. These joints were ordered on a one-week rush basis to replace an existing joint that was leaking.
These expansion joints were designed at 170 PSIG and 450 degrees F. to absorb lateral movements and tested per B31.3. They were made with Inconel® 625LCF bellows and A105 300 lb. RFSO flanges. The entire assembly was hydro-tested at 255 PSIG and held under pressure for four hours. In order to detect any leaks, each expansion joint and its welds were subjected to the dye penetrant-test and the X-ray test, each of which were 100%, prior to and following forming.
U.S. Bellows, Inc., the expansion joint division of Piping Technology & Products, Inc., designed and fabricated 14″ diameter, tied universal expansion joints for a steam application at a power plant in Illinois. The expansion joints were designed at 350 psig, 780° F and constructed from Inconel® 625 bellows, A105 300# RFSO flanges, A106 GR. B spool, and SA193 B7 tie rods. The expansion joints were hydro-tested at 525 PSIG.
U.S. Bellows, Inc., the expansion joint division of Piping Technology & Products, Inc., specially designed and fabricated a 54″ diameter tied, universal expansion joint for NASA Space Center. The expansion joints were designed at full vacuum and 450° F and constructed with 304 SS bellows, liner and A516 Gr. 70 spool, weld ends and carbon steel tie rods. The bellows’ attachment welds were 100% dye-penetrant tested.
U.S. Bellows, Inc., the expansion joint division of Piping Technology & Products, Inc., fabricated 28-inch and 32-inch O.D Tied universal expansion joints for an oil refinery in China. The expansion joints were fabricated from 321 SS bellows, A105, 150#, RFSO. EJMA Standards and B31.3 code were used in the design and fabrication of these joints.
U.S. Bellows, Inc., the expansion joint division of Piping Technology & Products, Inc., designed and manufactured 16-inch and 30-inch elbow tied universal expansion joints, for a power station in Florida. These expansion joints, which are used to transport hot steam, are designed at 150 psig and 350° F. The bellows material is fabricated from Inco 625 and elbows and spool from carbon steel.