U.S. Bellows provided the total engineering, design and fabrication package for this project that included: expansion joints, elbows, duct work, saddle supports, F-type variable spring supports, slide plates and pipe anchors.
A total of twelve, 119″ dia. double slotted hinged expansion joints, thirty-six, 72″ dia. elbows and twelve, 119″ dia., 55′ long header ducts were fabricated for a power plant in Mississippi. The expansion joint assemblies were designed for .5° angular movement, 3/8″ lateral, 1-1/2″ axial compression. The design conditions were 5 psig at 300°F. The duct work was fabricated from A-36 carbon steel material and the bellows were fabricated from 304 stainless steel. A dye penetrant exam, soap and air test and spot x-ray on all duct seam welds was performed prior to shipping.
This week’s featured product is on a hinged universal expansion joint and duct work assembly custom designed for an exhaust duct application in a power plant in Kenya. The hinge hardware was fabricated from carbon steel, while the rest of the unit was fabricated from 316 stainless steel with Inconel 625 bellows. An F-type variable spring was also provided for this project and will be used to support the center spool between the two elbows. The duct work with expansion joint is 36″ in diameter and the distance between the centerline of the two 90 degree elbows is 240″. It is designed for 20 psig at 115°F and 1/2 degree of angular movement. The entire assembly was 100% dye penetrant tested and a soap and air test was performed prior to shipment.
U.S. Bellows offers all types of metallic expansion joints. Each type has advantages and limitations that can provide flexibility, load reduction, structural integrity and reliability required in a piping system.
Metal expansion joints can withstand the design temperatures and pressures, as well as provide the capacity necessary to absorb thermal growth of the piping system. The thermal movement required can be axial, lateral or angular. In some cases, the pressure thrust of an expansion joint must be restrained by the use of tie rods, hinges or a gimbal while allowing the bellows to move through its design deflections.
Learn more about the different types of metallic expansion joints:
Single Expansion Joints —— Universal Expansion Joints ——- Hinged Expansion Joints
Categories: Metallic Expansion Joints Dresser® Style, Externally Pressurized Expansion Joints, Flanged & Flued Head Expansion Joint, Gimbal Expansion Joints, Hinged Expansion Joints, In-line Pressure Balanced Expansion Joint, Pressure Balanced Elbow Expansion Joints, Rectangular Metallic Expansion Joints, Single Expansion Joints, Slip-type Expansion Joints, Thick-wall Expansion Joint, Toroidal Bellow Expansion Joint, Universal Expansion Joints
44" Hinged Expansion Joints with Refractory Lining
U.S. Bellows, Inc. designed and fabricated two 44″ hinged expansion joints with 5″ thick refractory lining. These expansion joints are part of FCC stand-pipes in a synfuels plant. Each expansion joint is fabricated of two-ply Inconel® bellows and 3/4″ wall pipe. The joints consist of 2″ thick attachment rings. After fabrication, the expansion joints were pneumatically tested and inter-plies tested. The bellows and pipes were 100% x-rayed and PMI tested.
Thermal and structural Finite Element Analysis (FEA) was performed on the expansion joints to ensure the product is structurally sound and determining the thermal profile helps to prevent polythionic corrosion on the bellows. Design calculations were performed for all hardware including lug rings, gussets, hinge plates, pins, etc.