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Rectangular Metallic Pipe Expansion Joints

Rectangular metal pipe expansion joints have a variety of applications in the power, petrochemical, refining, chemical, and steel industries. Like circular pipe expansion joints, rectangular pipe expansion joints absorb three types of movement: axial, lateral and angular. For the purpose of designing rectangular bellows, it is critical to know in which direction the lateral and angular movements will occur, i.e. parallel to the long and/or short side of the bellows. Unlike circular bellows where the pressure stress is a circumferential membrane (hoop) stress, the rectangular bellows must be designed for longitudinal (beam) bending stresses. View Product Information

Refractory Lined Expansion Joints

Refractory lined expansion joints are typically used in Fluid Catalytic Cracking Units (FCCU), furnaces, hot gas turbines, styrene plants, fluidized bed boilers, kilns, power recovery trains, and thermal oxidizers. For hot applications (up to 1400°F), the bellows are packed with KO wool and lined with insulating refractory. Refractory lining can reduce the pipe wall temperature to 300-450°F and also protect the bellows from abrasion caused by the flow of abrasive particles. View Product Information

Slip-Type Pipe Expansion Joints

Slip type (Dresser® Style) pipe expansion joints are used when the primary problem is a large axial movement. Materials can be selected to accommodate high temperatures and pressures. Design details include the selection of packing and seals and perhaps resistance to abrasive solids. Some applications may require surfaces to minimize abrasive wear. Special features such as "wipers" can be included to prevent potential clogging of the space provided for slip movement. View Product Information

Thick Wall Pipe Expansion Joint

These may be a cost-effective option for large-diameter piping systems which operate at low pressure. Metals can be selected to satisfy different temperature conditions. The distribution of axial, angular, and lateral forces will be different when thick-wall pipe expansion joints are used. We can provide your design engineers with the potential forces and movements for the proper design of the structural members supporting the system. Thick-wall expansion joints are used primarily in heat exchangers and large diameter piping systems where thin-wall expansion joints would not be sufficient. View Product Information

Externally Pressurized (X-Flex) Pipe Expansion Joint

Externally pressurized pipe expansion joints, also known as x-flex expansion joints, are suited for piping systems that require large amounts of axial compression or extension. In externally pressurized pipe expansion joints, the bellows elements are arranged so that the media flow is on the external surface of the bellows. Externally pressurizing the bellows eliminates pressure instability as a limitation to the design and permits the absorption of large amounts of axial expansion. View Product Information

Toroidal Pipe Expansion Joint

A toroidal convolution consists of a circular tube (or totus) wrapped around weld ends or pipe ends having a gap at the I.D. to permit axial stroke. A toroidal pipe expansion joint may consist of one convolution or multiple convolutions. Most toroidal bellows are hydraulically formed which requires high pressure. Others are free-formed, similar to blowing up a balloon. More accurate convolution shapes may be formed into toroidal dye cavities. View Product Information

In-line Pressure Balanced Pipe Expansion Joint

When axial deflections exist, and anchoring is impractical for structural or economic reasons, such as high in the air or short straight pipe runs between two large vessels, the in-line pressure balanced pipe expansion joint is a powerful solution to a difficult design problem. The principle of this type of unit is essentially the same as the pressure balanced elbow type, in that the axial pressure thrust is reacted by the pressure acting on a cross-sectional area equal to the area of the working or primary bellows. View Product Information

Elbow Pressure Balanced Pipe Expansion Joint

This elbow pressure balanced pipe expansion joint is really a combination of several types. Its purpose is to retain and balance the pressure thrust so that main anchoring of the pipe or adjacent equipment is not required, and forces and movements on attachment flanges of delicate equipment, such as turbines, are kept to acceptably low levels. The deflections to be accepted are handled by the proper type of pipe expansion joint, which normally, is a tied universal type to accept lateral movements. However, the pressure balanced elbow is usually required because axial deflections are also present. View Product Information

Universal Pipe Expansion Joint

The universal pipe expansion joint consists of two bellows separated by a pipe section or spool. The primary purpose of this arrangement is to have a unit which will accept large amounts of lateral deflection. The amount of lateral deflection they can accept is a function of the amount of angulation each bellows can absorb and the distance between the bellows. For a given bellows element, the amount of lateral deflection capability can be increased or decreased by simply changing the length of the center spool. View Product Information

Gimbal Pipe Expansion Joint

The gimbal pipe expansion joint is basically the same as the hinge type, except that instead of being limited to deflection in only one plane, it can accept bending or angulation in any plane. It contains two sets of hinge pins or pivots, the axis of each set perpendicular to the other. Each set of pins is connected to each other with a central gimbal ring, in much the same way that a universal joint on an automobile works. This unit provides the same type of restraint and resistance to axial forces, such as the pressure thrust, and to shear forces as the hinge type. View Product Information

Hinged Pipe Expansion Joint

Hinged Pipe Expansion Joints contain hinges or pivots which allow the unit to bend in a single plane. These units are designed to restrict axial deflection, either in extension or compression. The hinge mechanism is typically designed to accept full pressure thrust. Also, because of the hinge mechanism's design, shear loads, such as from the weight of adjacent piping, can be accepted by this pipe expansion joint, relieving the piping designer of having to provide additional supports and anchors required by the Single type. View Product Information

Single Pipe Expansion Joint

The single pipe expansion joint is simply a bellows element with end connections. Regardless of accessories, it will deflect in any direction or plane that the bellows will. It requires that the piping be controlled as to the direction of the movements required of the unit. The pipe expansion joint should not be expected to control the movement of the pipe, and will not resist any deflections with any force other than the resistance of the bellows. View Product Information